The crucial first step that every investor should consider when starting a new project is constructing a factory. Consequently, investors should understand the standards and principles for the task in Vietnam. Which will help them gain confidence in the process, save time and money, and optimize the efficacy of their investment.
Regulations on construction planning
In the entire land lot to build the factory, the investor cannot use 100% of the land fund for factory construction but must divide and plan the construction area of the workshops as well as the area for greenery, and other ancillary items…
QCVN 01:2021 National technical regulations on construction planning regulating the net construction density of the factory construction lot, i.e. the ratio of the land occupied area of the main architectural works to the area of the lot, up to a maximum of 70%.The maximum net construction density for factory building lots with more than 05 storeys dedicated to manufacturing is 60%. The minimum percentage of greenery in factory construction lots must be at least 20%
In addition, each specific industrial park will have different requirements for factory construction planning, fences, gates, and detailed setbacks, … Many industrial parks require construction setbacks to be a minimum of 3-6m to safely prevent fire and create an open space for the industrial park, according to QCVN 01:2021. Thang Long Industrial Park (Hanoi) has its own requirements for a construction setback of 10m to ensure the infrastructure standards of the whole area. Or tan Phu Trung Industrial Park (Ho Chi Minh City) stipulates that factories must agree on the common design of fences and doors to ensure the aesthetics of the whole industrial park…
Design and structural standards
The factory design standards promulgated have very clearly and strictly stipulated each item, on geological conditions of the project, adaptive foundation treatment measures, design standards for reinforced concrete structures, steel structures, ventilation design standards, electrical safety corridors, lighting standards …
Flooring and foundations is a decisive factor, it is necessary to ensure sustainability and safety to support the entire load of the plant. Investors must conduct geological survey drilling and design according to TCVN 5547-2012 and TCVN 4453-1995 standards prior to the designing phase.
Industrial M&E systems directly affects the production line, operating process and productivity of the factory. Regulations and standards on technical design – construction of factory M&E systems are set to ensure safety during construction as well as factory operation. According to regulations, each factory must have a lighting system that meets Vietnamese standards TCVN 7114: 2008 and National Standards: QCVN 09: 2013 / BXD, The requirement of color rendering index of light (Ra) from 60 to 100 for each working area, the light should always ensure safety for workers, not cause glare, dazzle, bring high working efficiency. In TCVN 9208: 2012, in order to keep cable lines from being damaged or from generating excessive mechanical forces during assembly and operation, there are several rules and restrictions on cable installation: Cables must have 1% to 3% excess length (laid in the shape of a crawling snake); placing the excess cables in loops is prohibited (spiral or spring); placing new cables next to cables that are in operation must be done with safety measures to prevent damaging of the latter…
Investors should do thorough study on all standards in order to ensure the project’s design and construction quality, acceptance. Consequently, keep the project in line with the technical process, legality, and application for construction licenses.
Technical regulations on fire safety
Some regulations and standards applied to fire protection systems in industrial projects that investors should know:
- Regulation 06:2020: National technical regulation on fire safety for houses and buildings
- Decree 136:2020: Detailing a number of articles and measures to implement the Law on Fire Protection and the Law amending and supplementing a number of articles of the Law on Fire Protection.
- Technical regulation on fire water pump 02:2020/BCA, Ministry of Public Security issued according to Circular No. 52/2020/TT-BCA dated 26/05/2020;
- National Standard 5687:2010: Ventilation – Air conditioning – Design standards
Standards and regulations on environmental protection
With several new rules relating to environmental impact assessment activities, requesting environmental permits for industrial construction, and factory operation, the Vietnam Law on Environmental Protection 2020 will take effect on January 1, 2022. Accordingly, the Law establishes very clear classification of projects at risk of adverse impacts on the environment at each level and regulations on environmental impact assessment reports of projects. The law also requires treatment procedures to be taken by investment projects that produce wastewater, dust, or exhaust gases that are released into the environment in order to ensure compliance with state waste management laws.
Additionally, to improve recycling, utilize domestic scrap, and restrict the import of scrap as production-related raw materials, The Law stipulates the expanded responsibility of organizations and individuals producing and importing recyclable/non-recyclable products and packages that must be recovered at mandatory rates and specifications, or through service agreements or funding sources to support the recycling of goods and packaging they make or import.
Investors can assure documentation and legal compliance of factories construction in Vietnam by keeping up with the most recent regulations and adhering to environmental protection standards. This will also help investors streamline administrative processes, reduce its costs when applying for licenses.
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